十里渔港

 小镇十景     |      2018-10-10 16:45
沈家门渔港位于舟山本岛东南侧,面临东海,背靠青龙、白虎两山,构成了一条长约十里,宽约半里的天然避风良港,港域面积320万平方米,水域面积185万平方米,是中国最大的天然渔港,与挪威卑尔根港、秘鲁卡亚俄港并称世界三大渔港。从唐代初期开始,沈家门就是当时明州港通往高丽、日本等国的必经航道,成为东亚海上丝绸之路的重要中转港。
经过近现代的开发,沈家门依靠自己的地理优势,港南有鲁家峙、马峙、小干岛为屏障,挡住强风巨浪;北有刺棚山、青龙山、大平岗、岭山等作为藩篱,阻挡西北大风,逐步发展成渔船集中避风、补给休整、水产品加工集散的大型渔港,并兼客货运输的综合性港口。这里每年万船穿梭。每逢渔汛,沿海十几个省市的几十万渔民云集港内,桅樯林立,形成一道独特的海岛渔港景观。入夜,渔灯齐放,繁星如织,美不胜收,炫耀着一座古老渔镇脱胎为海滨新城。每年九月的开捕日,则又是千帆竞发,场面震撼,真是十里渔港挂长帆,一曲渔歌唱千年。

Locatedon the southeastern Zhoushan Island, Shenjiamen Fishing Port faces East China Sea and backs against Mount Qinglong and Mount Baihu.It is a natural haven that is ten miles long and half a mile wide. Its area is 3.2 million square meters and water area is 1.85 million square meters. It is the Chinese biggest natural fishing port known as the world's three major fishing ports with Bergen Portand Callao port. During the early Tang Dynasty,  Shenjiamen was the inevitable port from Mingzhou Port to Korean and Japan and the port of transshipment of the East Asian Marine Silk Road.
After the development of the modern times, protected from wind and surges by Lujiazhi, Mazhi and Xiaogan Island in the southand guarded from northwest wind by Mount Cipeng, Mount Qionglong, Taipinggang Hill and Mount Ling in the north,it hasbecome a large fishing port where fishing boats can take shelter, gain supply and take a rest and aquatic products are processed, collected and distributed.Many passenger and cargo ships can pass through it. It is an unique scene that millions of fishermen gather at the port in every catching season. At night, the beautiful port is starred withfishing lamps glimmering for the new-born coastal cityreborn from an ancient fishing town. Thebeginning time of fishing in every Septembersees thousands of boats. The scene is so shocking that it occurs to us that the long sails are hung in the Ten-Mile Fishing Port and a fishermen`s song is sung for thousands of years.